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Art Nouveau (1910-1930)

The Art Nouveau style is a naturalistic style characterized by intricately detailed patterns and curving lines.

art nouveau upholsteredchair art nouveau table art nouveau wardrobe



Appearance
Heavily Ornamented - Elaborate ornamentation.

(Art Nouveau style shown)

Chair Arms
Curved - Arms curved outward.
Outward Flare - Arms have slight outward curve.

Chair Back Material
Upholstered - Cushioned and fabric covered.
Wood - Solid wood, horizontal slats, vertical slats, or vertical splats.

Chair Back Shape
Balloon - Balloon-shaped chair back, rounded at the top and tapering to the seat.
Bentwood - Curved pieces of wood.
Top Rail - Simple, flat horizontal top rail.

Chair Leg
Round - Round, usually shaped or turned leg.
Square - Flat surfaced leg on all sides.
Straight - Straight leg, vertical to chair seat.
Tapered - Straight leg gradually decreasing in width.

Chair Seat Material
Cane - Woven rattan.
Upholstered - Cushioned and covered with fabric.
Wood - Various types of wood.

Chair Seat Shape
Curved - Circular or rounded seat.
Horseshoe - Horseshoe shaped seat with a rounded front.
Square - Square shaped seat.

Drawer Pull
Rectangular Plate with Bail - Rectangular back plate of solid stamped brass, often with canted corners and an oval bail handle. The size varies from 3 to 4 inches wide to 2 to 2.5 inches high.

Fabric
Brocade - Rich, heavily woven fabric with a raised design, often with gold or silver thread.
Damask - Medium weight, glossy fabric with a reversible pattern and a figured intricate weave, often of linen, cotton, silk, or wool.
Leather - Material made from the tanning of animal hides.
Linen - Fabric made from the fiber of the flax plant.
Mohair - Fabric made from the angora goat.
Tapestry - Heavy weight fabric with decorative designs.
Velvet - Woven pile fabric that is soft and sturdy, often made of silk with blends of cotton, nylon, and rayon.

Finish
Lacquer - Tough, adherent finish which can be clear or pigmented.
Oil Varnish - Clear finish that emphasized the grain of the wood.
Paint - Opaque, pigmented finish that obscures the grain of the wood.

Foot
Continuation of leg - Leg does not terminate into a foot.

Hardware Material
Brass - Yellowish metal made from copper and zinc.
Chrome - Grayish-white metal made from chromium.

Joint
Dovetail - An interlocking wood joint in which a series of wedge-shaped projections fits into a series of alternating grooves.

Line
Cyma or S-Curve - S-shaped curve, partly concave and partly convex.
Slight Curve - Gently curving lines.

Motif
Floral - Flowers.
Foliage - Leaves or vines.
Tulip - Cup-shaped flower.

Ornamentation
Carving - Cutting or chipping the surface of wood to create a shape or design.
Inlay - Contrasting material set into the surface of wood to create a shape or design.
Marquetry - Combinations of veneer used to create pictures or patterns.

Proportion
Medium - Moderate dimensions.

(Queen Anne style shown)

Underbracing
Moderate - Moderately proportioned stretchers.

(William and Mary style shown)

Wood
Beech - Light brown American hardwood with a flecked grain.
Black Walnut - Dark brown American hardwood with a wide range of figures.
Mahogany - Red-brown South American and African hardwood.
Oak - Gray-brown American hardwood.


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