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Queen Anne (1700-1755)

The Queen Anne style is a refinement of the William and Mary style with a moderate proportion and graceful appearance. It is characterized by cabriole legs terminating in a pad or drake foot, fiddle-back chair backs, and bat wing shaped drawer pulls. It is named after Queen Anne of England who reigned from 1702-1714.



Appearance
Graceful and Refined - Elegant Appearance.

(Federal style shown)

Chair Arms
Outward Flare - Arms have slight outward curve.

Chair Back Material
Upholstered - Cushioned and fabric covered.
Wood - Solid wood, horizontal slats, vertical slats, or vertical splats.

Chair Back Shape
Fiddleback - Fiddle-shaped central splat.

Chair Leg
Cabriole - Curved leg in the shape of an animal's leg. The cabriole leg increased the stability of seating pieces and reduced the need for underbracing.
Decorated Cabriole - Cabriole leg with decorative carving, usually on the knee.

Chair Seat Material
Upholstered - Cushioned and covered with fabric.

Chair Seat Shape
Curved - Circular or rounded seat.
Horseshoe - Horseshoe shaped seat with a rounded front.

Drawer Pull
Bat Wing Plate with Bail - Bat shaped solid or pierced cast brass back plate with a bail handle. The size of the backplate varies from 2.75 to 4.5 inches wide by 2 to 3.25 inches high.
Ring Pull with Round Back Plate - Ring pull attached by a knob to a circular back plate.

Fabric
Chintz - Plain woven sometimes glazed cloth imprinted with patterns or designs, often floral with five bright colors.
Crewel - Embroidery using wool on closely woven cotton, linen, or wool, often of floral motifs and vines.
Damask - Medium weight, glossy fabric with a reversible pattern and a figured intricate weave, often of linen, cotton, silk, or wool.
Needlepoint - A type of counted thread embroidery in which yarn is stitched through an open canvas weave.
Tapestry - Heavy weight fabric with decorative designs.
Velvet - Woven pile fabric that is soft and sturdy, often made of silk with blends of cotton, nylon, and rayon.

Finish
Lacquer - Tough, adherent finish that can be clear or pigmented.
Oil Varnish - Clear finish that emphasized the grain of the wood.
Wax - Paste finish over a sealer, stain, or bare wood.

Foot
Ball and Claw - Carved claw grasping a ball.
Block - Flat-surfaced foot.
Bun - Rounded foot, flatter than a ball foot.
Drake - Simple carved animal paw.
Pad - Simple, rounded carved foot.

Hardware Material
Brass - Yellowish metal made from copper and zinc.

Joint
Dovetail - An interlocking wood joint in which a series of wedge-shaped projections fits into a series of alternating grooves.

Line
Cyma or S-Curve - S-shaped curve, partly concave and partly convex.
Straight - Straight lines.

Motif
Acanthus leaf - Conventionalized leaf.
Shell - Fan shaped shell.

Ornamentation
Carving - Cutting or chipping the surface of wood to create a shape or design.
Finial - Decorative turning affixed to the tops of case furniture, and chair and bed posts.
Inlay - Contrasting material set into the surface of wood to create a shape or design.
Marquetry - Combinations of veneer used to create pictures or patterns.
Oriental Lacquerwork - A lacquer surface on which designs are drawn in gold or color; also referred to as Japanning or chinoiserie.

Proportion
Medium - Moderate dimensions.

(Queen Anne style shown)

Underbracing
Limited Use - Limited use of stretchers.

(Queen Anne style shown)

Wood
Ash - Whitish-gray American hardwood with similar graining to oak.
Black Walnut - Dark brown American hardwood with a wide range of figures.
Cherry - Red-brown American hardwood.
Elm - Red-brown American hardwood.
Fruitwood - Pink-brown American hardwood, including apple and pear.
Hickory - Red-brown American hardwood.
Mahogany - Red-brown South American and African hardwood.
Maple - Golden to Red-brown American hardwood with a wide range of figures.


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