Connected Lines Helping Creative People  
       Home |  Software |  Furniture Styles |  Line Art Patterns |  Wood |  Purchase
   
Furniture Styles
Jacobean
Early American
William and Mary
Queen Anne
Colonial
Georgian
Pennsylvania Dutch
Chippendale
Robert Adam
Hepplewhite
Federal
Sheraton
Duncan Phyfe
American Empire
Shaker
Victorian
Arts and Craft
Art Nouveau
Scandinavian Contemporary
     

Identify Antique Furniture with Our App




Identify Antique Furniture with Our Online Reference


Previous Style List of Furniture Styles Next Style

Early American (1640-1700)

Early American furniture is rudimentary, utilitarian furniture made from local woods. It was brought from or modeled after European furniture styles, particularly from England, France, the Netherlands, Scandinavia, and Spain.



Appearance
Simple - Straight lines, simple design, and little ornamentation.

(Contemporary style shown)

Chair Arms
Simple Turning or Flat - Arms are straight with a simple turning or are flat.
Straight - Arms are straight and perpendicular to the chair.

Chair Back Material
Wood - Solid wood, horizontal slats, vertical slats, or vertical splats.

Chair Back Shape
Banister - Three to six vertical turned slats in the shape of a baluster, flat on the front and round on the back.
Ladderback or Slatback - Equally spaced horizontal flat slats, either straight or curved.
Solid - One piece or solid panel chair back.
Spindle - Simple turned vertical slats.
Stile and Panel - Wood or cane back panel framed between two straight or turned stiles.
Turned - Vertical turnings: the Carver design has a single row of turnings and the Brewster design has a double row of turnings.

Chair Leg
Round - Round, usually shaped or turned leg.
Straight - Straight leg, vertical to chair seat.
Simple Turning - Turned leg with a few types of turnings.
Square - Flat surfaced leg on all sides.

Chair Seat Material
Rush - Woven rush.
Wood - Various types of wood.

Chair Seat Shape
Square - Square shaped seat.

Drawer Pull
Carved Wood (Simple) - Simple carved handle made of wood.
Tear Drop - Tear-drop shaped pull attached by a knob to a back plate. The back plate is usually circular, oval, or diamond shaped.
Turned Wooden Knob - Elongated, turned wooden knob, often 3 inches long and 1.25 inches in diameter.
Wooden Mushroom-Shaped Knob - Mushroom-shaped wooden knob, often 1 inch high and 1.5 to 2.5 inches in diameter.

Fabric
Cretonne - Medium to heavyweight, unglazed printed fabric, often made of cotton or linen in large floral patterns.
Leather - Material made from the tanning of animal hides.
Linen - Fabric made from the fiber of the flax plant.

Finish
Oil Varnish - Clear finish that emphasized the grain of the wood.
Paint - Opaque, pigmented finish that obscures the grain of the wood.
Wax - Paste finish over a sealer, stain, or bare wood.

Foot
Block - Flat-surfaced foot.
Bracket - Angular curved foot, usually used with case furniture.
Bun - Rounded foot, flatter than a ball foot.
Continuation of leg - Leg does not terminate into a foot.

Hardware Material
Iron - Grayish-brown metal with a dull finish.
Leather - Animal hide, used in strips as pulls.
Wood - Various types of wood, carved or turned.

Joint
Mortise and tenon - Wood joint in which a projecting tenon of one board is fitted into a mortise or hole of another board.

Line
Straight - Straight lines.

Motif
Circle - A spherical shape.
Diamond - A figure with four equal sides and two obtuse angles.
Pine Tree - Evergreen tree.
Rose - Rose or similar flower.
Scroll - Form that resembles a roll of parchment paper.
Sunflower - Daisy-like flower.
Tulip - Cup-shaped flower.

Ornamentation
Carving - Cutting or chipping the surface of wood to create a shape or design.
Finial - Decorative turning affixed to the tops of case furniture, and chair and bed posts.
Paneling - Raised, recessed, and framed panels.
Spindle - Turned pieces, split vertically often affixed to the front of case furniture.

Proportion
Heavy - Sturdy, thick dimensions.

(Chippendale style shown)

Underbracing
Heavy - Sturdy stretchers.

(Jacobean style shown)

Wood
Ash - Whitish-gray American hardwood with similar graining to oak.
Birch - Red-brown American hardwood with a close grain.
Cherry - Red-brown American hardwood.
Elm - Red-brown American hardwood.
Fruitwood - Pink-brown American hardwood, including apple and pear.
Hickory - Red-brown American hardwood.
Maple - Golden to Red-brown American hardwood with a wide range of figures.
Oak - Gray-brown American hardwood.
Pine - Yellow to pink-brown American softwood.
Sycamore - Creamy-white European hardwood, treated to turn a silvery-gray or pink-brown color.


Previous Style List of Furniture Styles Next Style

Furniture Styles For Windows

Furniture Styles App
Android - iPhone - iPad - Kindle Fire - Windows PCs

Sponsored Links




     
Google

Sponsored Links



Furniture Styles
Available on the App Store
Get it on Google Play
Buy Furniture Styles for Windows
 
©1997-2014 Connected Lines LLC. All rights reserved.