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Furniture Styles
Jacobean
Early American
William and Mary
Queen Anne
Colonial
Georgian
Pennsylvania Dutch
Chippendale
Robert Adam
Hepplewhite
Federal
Sheraton
Duncan Phyfe
American Empire
Shaker
Victorian
Arts and Craft
Art Nouveau
Scandinavian Contemporary


     

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Furniture Style Glossary: Ornamentation


Ornamentation

Banding
Thin strips of contrasting veneer used as a decorative border or edging.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • Jacobean
  • Hepplewhite
  • Federal
  • Sheraton

Carving
Cutting or chipping the surface of wood to create a shape or design.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • Jacobean
  • Early American
  • William and Mary
  • Queen Anne
  • Colonial
  • Georgian
  • Pennsylvania Dutch
  • Chippendale
  • Robert Adam
  • Hepplewhite
  • Federal
  • Sheraton
  • Duncan Phyfe
  • American Empire
  • Victorian
  • Art Nouveau

Finial
Decorative turning affixed to the tops of case furniture, and chair and bed posts.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • Early American
  • Queen Anne
  • Colonial
  • Chippendale
  • Shaker

Fluting
Carved or molded vertical channels.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • Robert Adam
  • Hepplewhite
  • Federal
  • Sheraton
  • Duncan Phyfe
  • American Empire

Fretwork
Decorative carving or openwork with interlacing lines.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • Chippendale
  • Duncan Phyfe
  • Victorian

Inlay
Contrasting material set into the surface of wood to create a shape or design.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • William and Mary
  • Queen Anne
  • Colonial
  • Robert Adam
  • Hepplewhite
  • Federal
  • Sheraton
  • Duncan Phyfe
  • Victorian
  • Art Nouveau

Marquetry
Combinations of veneer used to create pictures or patterns.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • William and Mary
  • Queen Anne
  • Colonial
  • Hepplewhite
  • Federal
  • Sheraton
  • Art Nouveau

None
No ornamentation.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • Arts and Craft
  • Scandinavian Contemporary

Oriental Lacquerwork
A lacquer surface on which designs are drawn in gold or color. Also referred to as Japanning or chinoisrie.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • William and Mary
  • Queen Anne
  • Georgian
  • Chippendale

Paneling
Raised, recessed, and framed panel.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • Jacobean
  • Early American
  • Pennsylvania Dutch

Parquetry
Combinations of veneer used to create geometric patterns.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • William and Mary

Reeding
Parallel lines of rounded molding.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • Federal
  • Sheraton
  • American Empire

Spindle
Turned pieces split vertically, often affixed to the front of case furniture.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • Early American
  • Pennsylvania Dutch
  • Victorian

Stenciling
Painting through a template to create a shape or design on the underlying wood surface.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • Colonial
  • Pennsylvania Dutch
  • Federal
  • Sheraton
  • American Empire

Supporting Column
Decorative column often fluted affixed to the front corners of case furniture, particularly bureaus.

Associated with the following furniture styles:
  • American Empire

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