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Wood
African Mahogany
Afrormosia
Alaska-cedar
American Mahogany
Apple
Ash
Aspen
Avodire
Balsa
Basswood
Beech
Birch
Black Locust
Black Walnut
Black Willow
Bubinga
Butternut
Catalpa
Cherry
Chestnut
Cottonwood
Cypress
Dark Red Meranti
Douglas-Fir
Eastern Hemlock
Eastern Red Cedar
Eastern Spruce
Goncalo Alves
Hackberry
Hard Maple
Hickory
Holly
Honeylocust
Indian Rosewood
Ipe
Jarrah
Jelutong
Larch
Light Red Meranti
Light Virola
Limba
Magnolia
Mesquite
Myrtle
Northern White Cedar
Obeche
Okoume
Padauk
Pau Marfim
Pecan
Persimmon
Pinkwood
Port-Orford Cedar
Primavera
Purpleheart
Radiata Pine
Red Alder
Red Oak
Redgum
Redwood
Rock Elm
Santa Maria
Sapele
Sassafras
Soft Elm
Soft Maple
South American Cedar
Southern Pine
Sycamore
Teak
Tupelo
Wenge
Western Hemlock
Western Red Cedar
White Meranti
White Oak
White Pine
Yellow Meranti
Yellow-Poplar
Zebrano

     
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Wood Properties of Birch

Birch Alternative Name 1
Yellow Birch

Birch Alternative Name 2
Sweet Birch

Birch Alternative Name 3
White Birch

Birch Amount of Figure
Intermediate

Birch Amount of Natural Luster
Low

Birch Availability of Wood
Plentiful

Birch Available As Lumber
Yes

Birch Available as Veneer
Yes

Birch Available only in small sizes
No

Birch Bending Strength
High

Birch Blunting of Tool Blades
Moderate

Birch Botanical Name
Betula spp.

Birch Carving
Average to somewhat difficult to carve

Birch Clear Finish or Varnish
Good

Birch Color of Wood
Red Brown

Birch Contrast between growth rings
Diffuse Porous

Birch Crushing Strength
High

Birch Decorative Figure
Yes

Birch Density
High

Birch Drilling
Very good

Birch Fill before Finishing
Does not require a filler

Birch Gluing
Average - Requires control

Birch Grain
Mostly Straight

Birch Growth Ring Pattern Plainsawn
Noticeable or Distinct growth ring

Birch Growth Ring Pattern Quartersawn
Noticeable or distinct growth ring stripe, ribbon or flake pattern

Birch Hand Tooling
Average

Birch Hardness
Hard, difficult to dent

Birch Hardwood or Softwood
Hardwood

Birch Harmful Properties
Non Toxic

Birch Interlocked Grain
Yes

Birch Kiln-dried Shrinkage
High

Birch Machine Tools
Average

Birch Mortising
Very good

Birch Movement after drying
Moderate

Birch Nail Holding
Good- Nails are fairly difficult to pull out

Birch Nailing
Tends to split wood - Requires pre-drilled pilot hole

Birch Natural Durability
Perishable

Birch Number of Knots
Low

Birch Painting
Good

Birch Planing
Average

Birch Polishing
Good

Birch Pounds per cubic foot maximum
44

Birch Pounds per cubic foot minimum
39

Birch Reacts with Iron Fasteners or Hardware
No

Birch Sanding
Rather difficult

Birch Sawing
Moderate cutting resistance

Birch Screw Holding
Good - Fairly difficult to remove screws

Birch Screwing
Tends to split wood - Requires pre-drilled pilot holes

Birch Shaping
Fair or satisfactory

Birch Size of Knots
Intermediate

Birch Size of Pores
Small Pores - Closed grain

Birch Specific Gravity
High

Birch Specific Gravity maximum
.62

Birch Specific Gravity minimum
.62

Birch Staining
Good

Birch Steam Bending
Good

Birch Stiffness
High

Birch Surface Preparation for Finishing
No

Birch Texture of the Wood
Fine

Birch Toughness
High

Birch Turning
Good

Birch Weight
Heavy

Birch Wood Defects
Check (or split), honeycomb (or collapse), stain

Birch Work Notes
Hard mineral deposits require sharp or carbide tipped saw knives

Birch Use for Boxes, Crates or Pallets
YES

Birch Use for Carving
no

Birch Use for Cooperage
YES

Birch Use for Decorative Veneer
YES

Birch Use for Flooring
YES

Birch Use for Furniture
YES

Birch Use for Handles
no

Birch Use for Heavy Construction
no

Birch Use for Inlay
no

Birch Use for Interior Finish
YES

Birch Use for Light Construction
no

Birch Use for Marine Applications
no

Birch Use for Marquetry
no

Birch Use for Millwork
YES

Birch Use for Models and Patterns
no

Birch Use for Musical Instruments
no

Birch Use for Novelties
no

Birch Use for Secondary Furniture Components
YES

Birch Use for Shingles
no

Birch Use for Sports Equipment
no

Birch Use for Turnery
YES

Birch Use for Woodenware
YES





     
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